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Jurisdiction ju·ris·dic·tion /ˌjo͝orisˈdikSHən/ noun Relates to a court’s legal authority to hear and decide certain types of cases. Also refers to the geographic area where the court is allowed to decide cases. The case was out of the court’s jurisdiction. Synonyms:authority, control, power, dominion, rule, administration, command, sway, leadership, sovereignty, hegemony
Jury ju·ry /ˈjo͝orē/ noun A group of individuals chosen to hear evidence during a trial and come to a verdict on matters of fact. The jury came to a unanimous decision that the defendant was guilty. Synonyms: board, tribunal, peers, judges
Nolo Contendre no·lo con·ten·de·re /ˌnōlō kənˈtendərē/ noun Also known as ‘no contest’, this is a plea similar to a guilty plea when it comes to a criminal sentence but it cannot be considered as an admission of guilt otherwise. The man pleaded nolo contendre to his driving under the influence charges. Synonyms: no contest
Parole pa·role /pəˈrōl/ noun When the U.S Parole Commission releases an inmate once the individual has completed part of his/her sentence in a federal jail. A U.S probation officer supervises the released inmate. The 1984 Sentencing Reform Act got rid of parole and recommended a system where the jail sentence allocated by the court was the sentence served by the …
Prosecute pros·e·cute /ˈpräsiˌkyo͞ot/ verb When someone is charged with a crime. A prosecutor is hired to find the evidence to convict the accused. The state decided to prosecute the defendant. Synonyms: take to court, bring/institute legal proceedings against, bring an action against, take legal action against, sue, try, impeach, bring to trial, put on trial, put in the dock, bring …
Remand re·mand /riˈmand/ verb The process of a case being sent back to the trial court by the appellate court. Also refers to the detention of a suspect before a trial. They requested to have the appellate judge remand the case, so it went back to trial. Synonyms: defer, immure, lag, send back, hold over, imprison,put behind bars, remit, gaol, …
Sentencing Guidelines sent·enc·ing guide·lines /ˈsentnsiNG/ˈgīdˌlīns/ noun This is a set of rules established by the U.S. Sentencing Commission and is used by judges to determine the appropriate punishment. The sentencing guidelines state that the minimum sentence for an Arizona extreme DUI requires one day in jail.
Statute of Limitations stat·ute of lim·i·ta·tions /ˈstaCHo͞ot/əv/ˌliməˈtāSHəns/ noun In some cases, a lawsuit must be filed or a criminal prosecution needs to begin within a set period of time which varies depending on the type of crime/civil case. Seven years had passed since the crime had been committed, so the statue of limitations prevented the prosecution with filing charges.
Exclusionary Rule ex·clu·sion·ar·y rule /ikˈsklo͞oZHəˌnerē ˌro͞ol/ noun This relates to evidence found to have been obtained in violation of a criminal defendant’s statutory and constitutional rights; such evidence is to be ‘excluded’ and is inadmissible in court. Because the suppressed evidence was not the product of an illegal seizure, the exclusionary rule does not apply. Synonyms: rule of evidence